Eczema, which is expressed as dermatitis in medicine, is actually the general name of a group of diseases that occur in different ways. It is commonly seen. It usually develops as a red rash and fluid collection. Over a long period of time, it can become a chronic disease in which the skin thickens and cracks.
Atopic eczema is a type of eczema that develops in allergic bodies. It starts with redness on the cheeks. In childhood, it usually progresses with various degrees of itching and dryness on the inside of the knees and elbows, on the face, neck, and sometimes on the whole body. It can continue for life with occasional exacerbations. Stress, some foods and medications, infections can trigger atopic eczema. When considering this type of eczema, some blood tests for the cause may be done.
Contact dermatitis develops in some people with allergies when a certain substance comes into contact with the skin. This condition is also called allergic eczematous contact dermatitis, that is, contact dermatitis. Soap, shampoos, cleaning agents, make-up materials, hair dye, perfume; leather, rubber, wool or synthetic clothing; Metals such as nickel and silver are the most allergenic substances. Symptoms that start about two days after contact with an allergic substance may continue to increase in severity unless this substance is detected and removed from the skin. In such patients, the causative agent is investigated by performing the patch test on the back.
Seborrheic eczema is a type of eczema seen with itching, redness and flaking on the scalp, behind the ears, face, back and chest in oily people. Sometimes a type of fungal microbe, or sometimes a parasite living in the sebaceous glands, can cause symptoms to flare up. This type of eczema, which is also triggered by stress, can last a lifetime by decreasing or increasing from time to time.
One of the most important measures to be taken in skin disease caused by these very different factors is to prevent the contact of irritants with the said area as much as possible. It is useful to prefer dermatological cleaners instead of soap while taking a shower. Proper hydration of the skin is an important issue in dermatitis patients, so that itching is also reduced. It is appropriate to carefully select moisturizing products in consultation with a dermatologist. Natural and cotton products that will not irritate the skin can be preferred from clothes.
For treatment purposes, ointments and creams are applied according to the physician’s recommendation. Barrier creams that cut off the contact with the allergen can be used. Apart from that, if fungi or bacteria are detected as a triggering factor, drugs can be given against these pathogens. When itching is at the forefront, drugs for this complaint can be used. If allergen substances are detected, it is important to avoid these substances.
In our clinic, eczema, like other skin diseases, is diagnosed by examining in detail and patient-specific treatment approaches are used.